As a modern-day photographer with a love for antique cameras, living in a digital world of data and endless cyberspace is quite daunting. I think it is important to touch upon the tangible magic and wonder that I find when I look through an old view-finder, or out through a decades-old piece of ground-glass. As I click the shutter, releasing light through my lens to burn its image onto a piece of film, I feel that I am doing something very different than if I were to press the shutter button on the world’s latest digital model. While doing that would in fact produce an excellent result of near technical perfection, there is something else to be said for the intensive, yet intimate process one experiences when they load their own film in complete darkness; when they feel the release of the springs inside the clock-like mechanics of a manual shutter lever, or the clicking tension of the advance reel.

When you shoot with a digital camera, there is a sense of instant gratification. You posses the ability to produce more images, faster than ever before. But while doing so, are you really taking as much time and appreciation as you would if you knew you only had 8 shots on a roll of film? Will you feel the same build of anticipation and excitement as you spend over 8 hours in the darkroom to develop twenty rolls of film, without seeing one single image until you make a contact print? Can a digital image replicate the same surprise you feel when you see a double exposure, and you realize you forgot to advance your film (but of course, you’re happy that you didn’t…how else would you get something so unexpected and beautiful?)

This section doesn’t exist to highlight the images themselves, but instead aims to expand upon the physical process that yields them. It is here that I will introduce you to my arsenal of cameras. I am hopeful that you will be able to gather more information about my development process, and see certain characteristics that hold unique to each camera/lens.


Graflex

Graflex Speed Graphic (Press Camera) (c. 1940s)

technical

Shot: 1997 – “TJ”
Lens: Kodak Ektar 127mm
Shutter Speed: Unknown (estimated 1/15 sec) f5.6 ½
Film Type: Fuji HP5 400
Developer: Ilfosol (Fine grain developer), Recommended time at 68 degrees, Tray developed. Light agitation during development. Continuously cycled through at slow rate to cut down on grain.
Notes: Shot on Tripod

technical

Shot: 1998 – “Old House”
Lens: Kodak Ektar 127mm
Shutter Speed: (double exposure) ½ - ¾ second, each at f11 (used cable release)
Film Type: Fuji HP5 400
Developer: : Ilfosol (Fine grain developer), Recommended time at 68 degrees, Tray developed. Light agitation during development. Continuously cycled through at slow rate to cut down on grain.
Notes: Accidental double exposure. Happy accident. Both shots under exposed. Two separate interiors. Forgot to flip film back.

technical

Shot: 2002 – “Rooftop”
Lens: Schneider Xenar 150mm
Shutter Speed: 15 minutes at f11
Film Type: T-Max 400
Developer: T-Max RS Developer. Tray developed. Light Agitation, recommended time at 68 degrees.
Notes: This lens was dug out of a basement, covered in mold. It cleaned up to be spotless.


Rolleicord

Rolleicord

Rolleicord

Shot: 2004 – “Bike Riding”
Lens: Xenar 75mm f3.5
Shutter Speed: Two exposures – first exposure 5-8 minutes, second exposure a few seconds. Both at f8
Film Type: Kodak 160
Developer: Kodak Color Developer, 100 degrees
Notes: Double exposure, happy accident. The initial exposure was taken on a tripod, for about 5-8 minutes, of my wife and I riding bikes up and down a street in Amsterdam. Second shot was of a puddle, lasting several seconds long.

Rolleicord

Shot: 2001 – “Caves in Puerto Rico”
Lens: Xenar 75mm f3.5
Shutter Speed: Two exposures, on a tripod with cable release, 2-3 seconds each at f8
Film Type: Ilford HP5
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: Double exposure, happy accident.

Rolleicord

Shot: 2004 – “Brussels Apartment”
Lens: Xenar 75mm f3.5
Shutter Speed: 5-6 seconds, f8
Film Type: Kodak 160
Developer: Kodak Color developer at 100 degrees
Notes: None

Rolleicord

Shot: 2004 – “Doorway in Italy”
Lens: Xenar 75mm f3.5
Shutter Speed: 30 second exposure, f8
Film Type: Ilford HP5
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: Long exposure of door opening slowly down into hall.

Rolleicord

Shot: 2004 – “Reflection”
Lens: Xenar 75mm f3.5
Shutter Speed: Unknown
Film Type: Ilford HP5
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: None

Rolleicord

Shot: 2004 – “Double Exposure”
Lens: Xenar 75mm f3.5
Shutter Speed: Double exposure, 1/60 at f11
Film Type: Ilford HP5
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: Accidental double exposure

Rolleicord

Shot: 2004 – “Building Reflection”
Lens: Xenar 75mm f3.5
Shutter Speed: 45 second exposure, f5.6
Film Type: Kodak 160
Developer: Kodak Color Developer at 100 degrees
Notes: Camera on tripod, self timer, as I walked into the background of the shot.

Rolleicord

Shot: 1998 – “Red-light District”
Lens: Xenar 75mm f3.5
Shutter Speed: 3-4 minutes at f11
Film Type: Kodak 160
Developer: Kodak Color Developer at 100 degrees
Notes: None


Canon AE-1 35mm (c. 1970s)

3Canon_ae1

Shot: 1995 – “Hail Bop”
Lens: Canon 50mm f1.8
Exposure: ½ sec f2.8
Film Type: Tri-X 400
Developer: Unknown. Developed in basement, no temperature control. No thermometer.
Notes: Car headlights lit subject in foreground at last instant. Lucky Shot.

3Canon_ae1

Shot: 1994 – “Old Guy in Washington Square Park)
Lens: Canon 50mm 1.8
Exposure: Shutter speed unknown, f8
Film Type: Kodak Infared
Developer: Unknown
Notes: Film had to be loaded in subdued light due to extreme sensitivity


Leica

Leica

Leica

Shot: 2011 – “Little Girl Sleeping”
Lens: 40mm f2
Shutter Speed: 1/125 at f3.5
Film Type: Kodak 3200P (Shot at 1600 ISO)
Developer: T-Max RS Developer
Notes: None

Leica

Shot: 2011 – “Mateo with Rolei”
Lens: 40mm f2
Shutter Speed: 1/30 at f3.5
Film Type: Kodak 3200P (Shot at 1600 ISO)
Developer: T-Max RS Developer
Notes: None


iPhone

iPhone

iPhone

Shot: 2013
Shot available light
Brought into Instagram
Applied “Inkwell” filter
Notes: cheesy process, but wonderful results

iPhone

Shot: 2013
Shot available light
Brought into Instagram
Applied “Inkwell” filter
Notes: cheesy process, but wonderful results


Arca Swiss

Arca Swiss (Rail Camera)

Arca Swiss

Shot: 2003 – “Chrissy”
Lens: 90mm
Shutter Speed: Unknown
Film Type: Ilford HP5
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: The rear standard was pulled all the way back

Arca Swiss

Shot: 2001 – “Untitled”
Lens: Komura 400mm
Shutter Speed: Unknown
Film Type: Ilford HP5
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: The rear standard pulled all the way back. Front standard fell (caught vignette)

Arca Swiss

Shot: 2003 – “Shari and I”
Lens: Schneider Xenar 150mm
Shutter Speed: Unknown
Film Type: Ilford HP5 400
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: Rear standard is tilted back and swung. Fall off of lens coverage is on upper righthand corner.

Arca Swiss

Shot: “Mohonk”
Lens: Komura 400mm
Shutter Speed: 25 minutes, f8-11
Film Type: Ilford HP5
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: None


Kodak Portrait

Kodak Portrait 8x10 (1902)

Kodak Portrait

Shot: 2003 – “Shari in Pumpkin Patch”
Lens: 6x9” lens on 8x10” camera
Shutter Speed: 1/125 at f11
Film Type: Tri- X
Developer: T-Max RS Developer, tray developed
Notes: Vignetting due to lens fall off. Capturing the full coverage of the lens.

Kodak Portrait

Shot: 2003 – “Shari and Jasia”
Lens: Kodak Portrait Lens, 6.3
Shutter Speed: 1/25 at f8
Film Type: Tri- X
Developer: T-Max RS Developer, tray developed
Notes: None


Hawkeye

Hawkeye with Ball Baring Shutter

Hawkeye

Shot: 2011 – “Mateo”
Lens: Standard
Exposure: Aperture was at number 3, which indicated about f22, at 3 seconds
Film Type: Kodak T-Max 100
Developer: T-Max RS Developer
Notes: Thought this was a fun example of a shot from an old camera.

Hawkeye

Shot: 2011 – “Chalk Board”
Lens: Standard
Exposure: Aperture was at number 3, which indicated about f22, at 10 seconds
Film Type: Kodak T-Max 100
Developer: T-Max RS Developer
Notes: Thought this was a fun example of a shot from an old camera.


Hawkeye

Hawkeye Pinhole (Made out of soda can) (c. 1909)

Hawkeye

Shot: 2000 – “Street in Bayridge Brooklyn”
Lens: Pinhole made of soda can
Shutter Speed: ½ hour exposure, pinhole
Film Type: Kodak T-Max
Developer: T-Max RS Developer
Notes: Left camera in the middle of the street

Hawkeye

Shot: 2004 - “Ironing Board”
Lens: Pinhole
Shutter Speed: 10 minutes
Film Type: Fuji NP 400
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: None

Hawkeye

Shot: 2004 – “Me”
Lens: Pinhole
Shutter Speed: 15 minutes
Film Type: Fuji NP 400
Developer: Ilfosol
Notes: None

Hawkeye

Shot: 2011 – “Street, Central Park West”
Lens: Pinhole
Shutter Speed: 15-30 seconds
Film Type: Kodak T-Max
Developer: T-Max RS Developer Notes: None


Canon 5D Mark I/II

Canon 5D Mark I/II

Canon 5D Mark I/II

Shot: 2009 – Lasers (two shots)
Lens: 16-35mm
Shutter Speed: 5-10minutes
Film Type: -----
Developer: -----
Notes: Lasers invisible to naked eye, revealed by small piece of paper. All available light.

Canon 5D Mark I/II

Shot: 2008 – “Fireworks”
Lens: 16-35mm
Shutter Speed: long exposure, exact unknown at f11
Film Type: -----
Developer: -----
Notes: None

Canon 5D Mark I/II

Shot: 2009 – Lasers (two shots)
Lens: 16-35mm
Shutter Speed: 5-10minutes
Film Type: -----
Developer: -----
Notes: Lasers invisible to naked eye, revealed by small piece of paper. All available light.

Canon 5D Mark I/II

Shot: 2009 – Lasers with Researcher
Lens: 16-35mm
Shutter Speed: 10minutes
Film Type: -----
Developer: -----
Notes: Lasers invisible to naked eye, revealed by small piece of paper. Researcher popped with a strobe (at low power) at the last second.